What does attention research tell us about the effect of talking on cell phones while driving a car?
What does attention research tell us about the effect of talking on cell phones while driving a car?

How is selective attention used when someone is using a cell phone while driving?

When you text while driving you are using your selective attention and are diverting your focus off the road and towards your phone. This shift of attention from the road to cell phones while driving has caused many car accidents.

Why is talking on a cell phone different from talking with someone in the car?

The findings of the study, which were released by the American Psychological Association and printed in the Journal of Experimental Psychology, conclude that drivers who are chatting with a passenger riding in the car are less distracted, and may even pay more attention to the road, than someone who is talking on their

How does using a mobile phone affect a driver’s reaction time?

Description. Distraction resulting from mobile phone use whilst driving has been shown to increase the reaction times of drivers, thereby increasing the likelihood of a crash.

Do you agree that cellphone is a distraction when driving?

The answer may be no, according to the NHTSA. Whether hand-held or hands-free, cell phones are distracting. They can prevent a driver from reacting quickly enough to avoid an accident.

How selective attention relates to cell phone use and car accidents?

One's attention should be focused on the cars in front of them, but because of selective attention most people focus mainly on the lane they are in and the car directly in front of them. We encounter many issues with blind spots and distractions within the car.

How does selective attention relate to cell phone use and car accidents?

One's attention should be focused on the cars in front of them, but because of selective attention most people focus mainly on the lane they are in and the car directly in front of them. We encounter many issues with blind spots and distractions within the car.

What impact does selective attention have on driving?

Selective attention is a fundamental ability in the safe performance of the driving task. Drivers must be able to select relevant stimuli and ignore those stimuli that are irrelevant to the task (distrac- tors).

Why would talking to a passenger not be as bad as talking on a cell phone while driving?

Passenger conversation is much safer than conversation on the cell phone,'' said David Strayer, professor of psychology at the University of Utah and the study's lead author. “When you're in the same physical environment, you tend to adjust your discussions to the difficulty of driving.

What percentage of car accidents are caused by mobile phones?

Van drivers are more likely to use a phone behind the wheel than car drivers (2.7% compared with 1.4%). Between 2014 and 2019, a total of 133 fatalities and 446 serious accidents were directly linked to drivers being distracted by their phones – that's an average of one major incident every three days.

What affects your reaction time the most when driving?

On the road, distractions, speed, driving experience, and physical and cognitive fitness can seriously affect reaction times. Even drivers with relatively quick reaction times in normal circumstances may see drastic changes based on distractions, driving under the influence, sleepiness, acute illnesses or stress.

When you are driving and talking on the cell phone what percent of your driving environment does your brain not process?

Estimates indicate that drivers using cell phones look but fail to see up to 50 percent of the information in their driving environment. 1 Distracted drivers experience what researchers call inattention blindness, similar to that of tunnel vision.

What is active attention when driving?

3) Practice attentive driving. Drivers should be checking their mirrors every five to seven seconds will make you actively engaged and force you to look around. You won't be passively gazing at the road ahead, and you will maintain situational awareness.

What’s an example of selective attention?

A selective attention example is having a conversation with someone in a crowded, public space. One chooses to focus on what the friend is saying rather than every single noise present in the background. This ability is a phenomenon known as the cocktail party effect.

Do cell phones cause more car accidents?

At any given time during daylight hours, 660,000 drivers in the United States use cell phones. Whether it's texting, taking a phone call, or sending emails, cell phone use is associated with higher rates of dangerous or fatal car crashes.

What are the dangers of texting while driving?

Texting is the most alarming distraction. Sending or reading a text takes your eyes off the road for 5 seconds. At 55 mph, that's like driving the length of an entire football field with your eyes closed. You cannot drive safely unless the task of driving has your full attention.

How does texting and driving affect the brain?

Our brain has what is called a cognitive load—an amount of mental activity that it can engage in at one time. If you are texting or engaged in a cell phone conversation while driving, that leaves your brain with less cognitive load to focus on driving. Consequently, your driving is not as good as it could be.

What is the #1 distraction while driving?

Texting is the most alarming distraction. Sending or reading a text takes your eyes off the road for 5 seconds. At 55 mph, that's like driving the length of an entire football field with your eyes closed. You cannot drive safely unless the task of driving has your full attention.

Is talking on the phone a distraction?

One recent study found that listening to (but not answering) a ringing phone while driving was a distraction. Despite the data, there's no indication that people are giving up their phone conversations.

What is the purpose or benefit of selective attention?

Selective attention allows adults to focus on task-relevant information, while ignoring task-irrelevant information. This in turn leads to superior processing of task-relevant information.

What are the factors affecting attention?

What are the determining factors of attention?

  • Intensity: the more intense a stimulus is (strength of stimulus) the more likely you are to give attention resources to it.
  • Size: the bigger a stimulus is the more attention resources it captures.
  • Movement: moving stimuli capture more attention that ones that remain static.

How many car accidents are caused by phones?

202 casualty crashes
In New South Wales, there have been 202 casualty crashes involving a driver/rider using a mobile phone from 2012 to 2020, which has resulted in 18 deaths and 271 injuries.

How many deaths are caused by cell phone use while driving?

About 400 fatal crashes happen each year as a direct result of texting and driving. That number increases to over 30,000 when you consider distracted driving as a whole, according to the NHTSA.

How can you best limit cell phone distractions while driving?

Putting your phone away and on mute. How can you best limit cell phone distractions while driving? Picking out music before you drive.

What is the greatest cause of distracted driving accidents?

People who use their cell phones to talk or text while driving are by far the most common reason for distracted driving accidents. In fact, the National Safety Council estimates that 26% of all car crashes involve cell phones.

How many times more likely are you to crash while using phone?

Research shows: You are 4 times more likely to be in a crash if you use your phone. Your reaction times are 2 times slower if you text and drive using a hands-free phone than if you drink drive, and this increases to three times if you use a handheld phone.

What is the risk if you become distracted while using electronic devices when driving?

But in fact, these technologies distract our brains even long after you've used them. Studies show that any type of distraction increases driver reaction time and decreases driving performance. Both of these increase the likelihood of accidents.

Why cell phones are a distraction?

Key Concept. Cell phones are distracting, pulling our attention away from our current tasks and activities. New research reveals that the mere presence of the phones, even when they are turned off and we are consciously focusing our attention on another task, is enough to reduce our thinking capacity.

What is the conclusion of attention?

In Conclusion Attention is a cognitive process that allows us to choose and concentrate on relevant stimuli. According to Sohlberg and Mateer model (1987, 1989) there are several types: arousal, focused, sustained, selective, alternating and divided.

How does attention influence performance?

A person's focus of attention (concentration) has an important influence on both performance and learning. An external focus on the intended movement effect results in greater movement effectiveness and efficiency, compared with an internal focus on body movements.

How are cell phones distracting while driving?

The campaign emphasizes that all functions of a phone can be distracting: using an app, shuffling through music or playing videos, looking at social media, maps or photos. They are all dangerous and illegal when you are driving, and the safest thing drivers can do is put down the phone and just drive.

How many car accidents are caused by cell phones?

The National Safety Council reports that cell phone use while driving leads to 1.6 million crashes each year. Nearly 390,000 injuries occur each year from accidents caused by texting while driving. 1 out of every 4 car accidents in the United States is caused by texting and driving.

What is evidence about texting and driving?

Texting while driving is 6x more likely to cause an accident than driving drunk. Answering a text takes away your attention for about five seconds. Traveling at 55 mph, that's enough time to travel the length of a football field. Texting while driving causes a 400 percent increase in time spent with eyes off the road.

Why cell phones should not be banned while driving?

You can take the driver away from the cell phone, but you can't take the risky behavior away from the driver. That's the conclusion of a new study, which finds that people who talk on their phones while driving may already be unsafe drivers who are nearly as prone to crash with or without the device.